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High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes

High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes

High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes : Hypertension is a condition wherein blood pressure is abnormally high. Hypertension can be caused by a variety of factors but the most common cause is atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a disease in which the normally pliant arteries in the body become stiff. Because the arteries become stiff, it cannot accommodate changes in blood pressure.

Atherosclerosis also involves the formation of calcified plaques within the artery which impedes the flow of blood.

High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes

Turbulence in blood flow increases blood pressure and the fact that the arteries are stiff, this further increases blood pressure.

Hypertension due to atherosclerosis is a life-long disease and affects all arteries in the body.

If left untreated, it can lead to complications such as kidney disease, stroke and heart attacks.

Who Can Get It?

Anyone can develop hypertension but it is usually adults who develop hypertension due to atherosclerosis.

Since atherosclerosis is caused by poor lifestyle practices like smoking, fatty diet and inactivity, adults are usually more at risk.

It can also run in the family but it is not hereditary.High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes.

High blood pressure hypertension Symptoms causes

A family history of hypertension only means that you are at an increased risk for developing hypertension but it can be prevented by staying away from other risk factors mentioned above.

Children and other adults can also develop hypertension but it may not be due to atherosclerosis.

High blood pressure in children is usually due to other diseases such as kidney disease and other metabolic diseases.

What Are The Symptoms?

In adults, the usual symptoms include headache at the nape area, light-headedness and blurring of vision.

However, some patients may not even feel anything at all. Hypertensive patients who don’t experience symptoms are more at risk of developing complications because health-seeking behavior is delayed.

How Is It Diagnosed?

High blood pressure can be detected using a sphygmomanometer. However, a diagnosis of hypertension is only made after measuring high blood pressure on 3 different occasions.

The diagnosis of hypertension is usually classified further into 3 stages: Pre-hypertensive, Stage 1 Hypertension and Stage 2 Hypertension.

Pre-hypertensive blood pressure is 120-139/80-89 mmHg, Stage 1 Hypertension is 140-159/90-99 mmHg while Hypertension Stage 2 is 160/100 mmHg and above.

The antihypertensive medications that the physician will prescribe will depend on the stage.

Combination drugs like diuretics, calcium blockers and beta blockers are usually required when stage 2 is reached.

How Is It Treated?

There is no cure for hypertension but it can be controlled to prevent complications.

The antihypertensive medications that the physician will prescribe will depend on the stage of hypertension.

Usually, 1 type of drug such as diuretics or calcium blockers will suffice for Stage 1 hypertension.

However, various drugs are usually combined in Stage 2 hypertension such as diuretic combined with Angiotensin Receptor Blockers, Calcium blockers, ACE inhibitors or Beta blockers.

How Is It Prevented?

Hypertension can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle as early as possible. Regular exercise can prevent obesity which can put you at risk for hypertension.

A healthy diet high in fiber and low in fat and cholesterol can also lessen the risk for hypertension.

Smoking is also an important risk factor for developing hypertension and other serious diseases such as lung cancer and emphysema that is why it should be avoided at all costs.

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